Abubuwan buƙatun mai shuka masara don yanayin ƙasa

Fasahar noman masara da injinan noman noma babban amfanin gona ne mai girma da inganci.Ya dogara ne akan yawan amfanin ƙasa mai girma, ta hanyar daidaitacce, ƙirar ƙirar noma da cikakkun matakan noma, ta yadda zai iya cika bukatun abinci mai gina jiki, haske, zafin jiki, ruwa, zafi, zafi, da dai sauransu Buƙatun gas da kuma samar da yuwuwar samar da ruwa. ana samar da masara.Saboda haka, yin amfani damasu shuka masaraYa kamata a zaɓi ƙasar da ke da ƙasa mai faɗi, ban ruwa mai santsi da magudanar ruwa, ƙasa mai wadatar kwayoyin halitta da babban matakin haihuwa don shuka masara.

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1. Ƙasa mai zurfi da tsari mai kyau

Tushen tushen masara yana da yawa kuma adadin yana da girma, zurfin tsaye zai iya kaiwa fiye da 1m, kuma rarraba a kwance yana da kusan 1m, yana samar da tsarin tushe mai ƙarfi da yawa a cikin ƙasa.Yawan, rarrabawa da ayyukan tushen masara suna da alaƙa da zurfin ƙasa.Zurfin ƙasa yana nufin cewa ƙasa mai rai ya zama mai zurfi, kuma ainihin ƙasan ƙasa da Layer na ƙasa ya kamata ya kasance mai kauri.Ƙarƙashin ƙasa mai aiki shine balagagge Layer plowing Layer, kasar gona ta kasance sako-sako, girman girman manyan pores da ƙananan pores ya dace, da kuma abubuwan da suka shafi ruwa, taki, gas da zafi suna daidaitawa tare da juna, wanda ke da kyau ga ci gaban girma. tushen tsarin.Idan Layer na ƙasa ya yi tsayi da yawa, za a iyakance girman ci gaban tushen tsarin, samar da taki da ruwa ba zai zama daidai ba, kuma yawan amfanin ƙasa zai yi ƙasa.Gabaɗaya magana, kauri na ƙasan ƙasa yakamata a kiyaye aƙalla 0.82m ko sama da haka, wanda ke haɓaka haɓakar masara.

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2. Ana bukatar a daidaita kasa

Kafin shuka, yakamata a yi noma a daidaita masara, ta yadda tsayin filin ya yi daidai kuma babu rami.Yakamata a ɗauko babban kututture don gujewa shafar ingancin shuka.

3. High kwayoyin halitta da samuwa na gina jiki a cikin garma Layer

A cikin tsarin haɓakar masara, haɓaka ƙarfin samar da kayan abinci na ƙasa shine tushen kayan aiki don yawan amfanin ƙasa.Abubuwan gina jiki da masara ke sha sun fi fitowa daga ƙasa da taki.3/5 ~ 4/5 na abubuwan gina jiki da masara ke buƙata ya dogara da wadatar ƙasa, kuma 1/5 ~ 2/5 daga taki.Saboda yawan yuwuwar haifuwar ƙasa, gwargwadon da ya dace, saurin canza kayan abinci mai gina jiki, da yawan sinadirai masu gina jiki, da ci gaba da samar da daidaito, babu raguwa da tsufa da wuri yayin aikin noman masara.Salinity da acidity (pH) na ƙasa suna da babban tasiri akan girma da ci gaban masara.Gabaɗaya magana, kewayon daidaitawar masara zuwa ƙimar pH shine 5.0 ~ 8.0, amma ƙimar pH mai dacewa shine 6.5 ~ 7.0, wanda ke kusa da tsaka tsaki.Idan aka kwatanta da sorghum, sunflower da gwoza sukari, masara yana da ƙarancin juriya na alkali.Daga cikin gishiri, ions chloride sun fi cutarwa ga masara.

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4. Tsabtace ƙasa da aikin riƙe ruwa

A cikin filayen masara mai yawan amfanin ƙasa, saboda zurfin ƙasa mai girma, ɗimbin abubuwan halitta mai arziƙi, ƙarin tari mai tsayayyen ruwa, da ƙaƙƙarfan ƙaƙƙarfan garma, madaidaicin ƙasan ƙasa yana tsiro ruwa da sauri kuma babban ƙasan ƙasa yana da kyakkyawan aikin riƙe ruwa. , don haka sau da yawa yana da danshi a ƙasan saman.jihar, tare da tsananin juriya na fari.

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A takaice,masu shuka masarainjinan noma ne don yawan amfanin ƙasa, inganci mai inganci da dashen masara mai ƙarfi.Zabar damamai shuka masarakuma ƙasa shuka masara wani muhimmin yanayi ne don inganta yawan amfanin gona.


Lokacin aikawa: Fabrairu-24-2022